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Related Health Conditions
Birthmark Related Conditions and Syndromes
By Glenda Ethington
Brief summary of the medical conditions and syndromes associated with vascular birthmarks.
Our Newsletter: June 2005 -- Syndromes Characterized by PWS (Part 1)
Our Newsletter: July 2005 -- Syndromes Characterized by PWS (Part 2)
Medical Problems Associates with a Facial PWS
Sturge-Weber Syndrome
SWS (encephelotrigeminal angiomatosis) is a congenital, non-familial disorder of unknown incidence and cause. It is characterized by a congenital facial birthmark and neurological abnormalities. Other symptoms associated with Sturge-Weber can include eye and internal organ irregularities. Each case of Sturge-Weber Syndrome is unique and exhibits the characterizing findings to varying degrees.

Laser treatment is available to lighten and or remove port wine stains in children as young as one month of age. Anti-convulsants are used to control the seizures. Surgery and or eye drops are used to control the glaucoma.
(Contributed by the Sturge-Weber Foundation)
Sturge-Weber Syndrome – The Resource Guide for a Reason, a Season and a Lifetime
By Karen Ball
Parents of children and individuals living with Sturge-Weber syndrome face varying emotional, physical,and financial challenges throughout their lifetime. In this book, health care professionals,recognized medical authorities, and the families coping with (45 KBytes, PDF)
Glaucoma
If your port wine stain is near or encompasses your eye then you should have regular (6 month or annual) eye checkups, preferably by a doctor who understands the glaucoma risk a port wine stain presents. The reason for the concern is that as a person ages the blood vessels that make up the port wine stain tend to enlarge which can cause pressure on the eye and may lead to glaucoma.
Our Newsletter: April-May 2005 -- Glaucoma and PWS
Seizures
Neurological exam should be performed
Pyogenic granulomas
These gradually appear as little raised bumps or nodules in the older person. They are very effectively treated by pulse dye laser.
Editor's Note
I had my first granuloma treated at around 28.
Medical Problems Associates with PWS on Trunk or Limbs
Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome
KTS is a congenital vascular disorder of unknown cause. Klippel-Trenaunay is characterized by a triad of signs: Port Wine Stain (capillary malformations) covering one or more limbs, vascular anomalies, usually venous varicosities or malformation and hypertrophy (enlargement of the limb) or atrophy (withering or smaller limb). KT involves the lower limbs in about 90% of the patients. In rare instances, there is an absence of Port Wine Stain and not all three abnormalities need always be present for the syndrome to exist. Each case of KT is different, with patients having varying abnormalities and severity. Other associations with KT can include internal organ involvement, hematuria (blood in the urine) rectal bleeding and vaginal bleeding. Bleeding from an abnormal lesion on the affected limb is also common. Patients may have symptoms including anemia, coagulation problems (blood clots) and platelet trapping in the affected limb. K-T affects somewhere around 900 to 1,500 people world-wide.

Laser treatment is available to lighten or remove the port wine stain in children and adults. Compression garments are worn on the limb to alleviate pain and swelling. Sequential extremity pumps can aid in compression of the limb. Antibiotic therapy for cellulitis infections and iron supplements to combat anemia are used. Sclerose therapy, where alcohol is injected into the veins, is used to clot veins in some patients. “Vein stripping,” which was once standard treatment, is less commonplace. Any such surgical intervention should be very carefully considered.
(Contributed by the Sturge-Weber Foundation)
Other Related Health Conditions
Milia
By Glenda Ethington
What is milia, what causes it and what can be done to treat it?
Facts About Vascular Birthmarks and Tumors
By Linda Rozell-Shannon, Glenda Ethington
Facts About Vascular Birthmarks and Tumors (381 KBytes, PDF)